educated for the army, and entered the 46th regiment Bengal native infantry in 1844.
R. Burton & J. H. Speke: Explorations in Eastern Africa, Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of London (Blackwell Publishing. 3,6 (1859): 348-58 ; Journal of the discovery of the source of the Nile (Edinburgh & London 1863) ; What led to the discovery of the source of the Nile (ibid 1864) ; translations: Alla ricerca delle sorgenti del Nilo : viaggi celebri di Burton, Speke, Grant e Baker, illustrato da 144 incisioni ; Aux sources du Nil la découverte des grands lacs africains 1857-1863 ; Diario del descubrimiento de las fuentes del Nilo ; Entdeckung der Nilquellen Reisetagebuch; Fin d'une énigme, les sources du Nil ; First footsteps in East Africa, or, An exploration of Harar; Mountains of the Moon (Pel·lícula cinematogràfica) ; Nouvelle carte générale de l'Égypte donnant les sources du Nil découvertes par Speke et Grant ; The botany of the Speke and Grant expedition, an enumeration of the plants collected during the journey of the late Captain J. H. Speke and Captain (now Lieut.-Col.) J. A. Grant from Zanzibar to Egypt, in: Transactions of the Linnean Society 27 (1872): 1-69: with 37 figs and 1 map) ;
Royal Geographical Society ;
with explorer Sir Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890) through Eastern Africa ; with explorer Samuel White Baker (1821-1893) and military officer and photographer ->James Augustus Grant (1827-1892) through Zanzibar and along the Nile ;
DNB 53 (1904): 324-27 ; H. Pirie-Gordon: Speke of Jordans, in: Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry (15th ed., London 1937: 2104) ; Biographical Notices of the Original Members of the British Ornithologists' Union, of the principal Contributors to the First Series of 'The Ibis' and of the Officials". Ibis. 50 (2008): 71 ; The search for the source of the Nile: Correspondence between Captain Richard Burton, Captain John Speke and others, from Burton's unpublished East African Letter Book ; Cameron 1981: 13, 76-88, 104 & 107 ; Sean Redmond: Speke's Journal, reviewed, The Journal of African Travel-Writing 3 (1997): 87-91 ;
In 1856, Speke and Richard Burton were commissioned by the Royal Geoghraphical Society to lead an expedition to East Africa to find the Great Lakes. Speke became the first European to see Lake Victoria in 1858. 1860-1861, he took part in a second journey to the source of the Nile. Cf. https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Speke,_John_Hanning_(DNB00) and https://www.gettyimages.de/detail/nachrichtenfoto/manuscript-map-of-speke-and-grants-route-from-zanzibar-nachrichtenfoto/1014175076 . Further Places of Activity: India and Tibet.