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   Gesner / Gessner
   Konrad
   K. G. ; Conrad Gesner / Cunrat Geßner / Conradus Gesnerus / bot. monogr. GESNER ;
   
   
   1516 in Zurich
   1565
   Zurich
   son of a Zurich furrier (+1531) with many children & little money
   
   classical educ., cont.studies at Bourges, Paris, Strassburg &Basle, becomes teacher, 1537 Prof. of Greek in Lausanne; 1554ff. city physician in Zurich
   Switzerland
   Opera botanica (1500 ill.); Historia animalium (4 v.1587; Quadrupedes vivipares 1551; Quadrupedes ovipares 1554; Appendix quadrupedum uiuiparorum et ouiparorum, 1554; Avium natura 1555; Piscium & aquatilium animantium natura 1558; Thierbuch 1565; Historia Plantarum 1587; De rerum fossilium 1565 ; Von allerhand kunstlichen und bewerten Oelen, Wasseren und heimlichen Artzneyen, Zurich 1582/83 (posthum. ed. by the physician Caspar Wolfius & transl. into German by Johannes Nüscheler; w. various woodcuts of alchemical instruments).
   Zurich city council; lecturer in physics at the Carolinum, precursor of Univ. Zurich; catholic Kaiser Ferdinand I;
   draughtsmen ->John Caius, ->Thomas Penny, ->Cornelius Sittardus; -> Hans Asper & -> Lucas Schan; K.G. housed draughtsmen & woodcutters continuously; Nuremberg printer Joachim Camerarius obtained Gesner's estate and used the preserved woodcuts for the printing of -> Matthiolus handbook on botany.
   natural history, esp. zoological & botanical & (al)chemical drawing & hand-coloring; watercolor;
   http://picturingscience.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/iii-c-22-110.jpg ; http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Von_dem_Straussen.jpg ;
   Natural History Museum Basel; Univ.Amsterdam spec. coll.: http://picturingscience.wordpress.com/2012/04/10/florike-egmond-on-re-discovering-gessner/
   wiki; Langer 1978: 362f; Wilson 1994: 23f.; Falk 2004: 207; Hans Fischer: Universalgelehrter, Naturforscher, Arzt, Zurich 1967;CM Pyle: Arch. Natural Hist. 27 (2000):175–86; Florike Egmond: Jour. Hist. Collections 24,3 (2012); Damkaer 2002: 15-16; Dopplereffekt 2010: 24f., 139ff.; Davidson 2008: 8-10; Kusukawa 2012; Paul Leeman-van Elck: Der Buchschmuck in Konrad Gessners naturgeschichtlichen Werken, Bern 1935 & Der Schweizer Sammler und Familienforscher 8 (1934): 180-5, 212-8, 246-253, 290-8; Kury 2014: 58
   K.G. was trained as a physician, but he was also active as naturalist, esp. botanist & zoologist, collector, author, lexicographer & philologist; cf. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Conrad_Gesner_-_Conradi_Gesneri_Historia_plantarum_Walderbeere.jpg #; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Conrad_Gesner_-_Quadrupedibus.jpg ; mineral collection is now housed at Natural History Museum, Basel
   49226033
   
   





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